makes no homework policy impossible - ACT
August 28, 2019
QUEZON CITY – As
legislators and officials speak out against homework, the Alliance
of Concerned Teachers (ACT) Philippines raised that homework has
become an inevitable part of teachers’ and students’ work due to the
‘unrealistic’ K12 curriculum, which the group says begs to be
reviewed thoroughly to address the program’s many problems.
“K12 was an experiment that tried to integrate a little bit of
everything in a complicated manner, while leaving no ample time for
mastery of subjects and development of critical thinking. Further,
the range of topics and competencies set by the K to 12 curriculum
are impossible to cover within formal class hours, resulting to
added and beyond-school hour work for both teachers and students,”
explained ACT National Chairperson Joselyn Martinez.
Martinez further explained that K to 12 follows an outcome-based
education (OBE) framework where students’ learning is measured by
their outputs. This, says Martinez, demands that students produce
several and varied forms of outputs for the assigned topic of the
day, which teachers are required to design and facilitate via their
daily lesson logs (DLL).
“For example, our DLL should indicate that a certain topic should be
covered within, say, an hour. Such should entail a discussion or
input part from the teacher and multiple activities to ensure
learners are engaged, like reporting, skits, writing, poster-making,
and many others,” shared Martinez.
Martinez added that research work, which is done outside of class
hours, has also been made heavier on both teachers and students
under K to 12 due to the still severely lacking learning materials
despite its 7-year implementation.
“Students have more than one class and therefore are required to
cover several topics and competencies daily. No amount of ‘budgeting
of work’ can force students and teachers alike to accomplish more
than what is realistically doable in a set period of time, hence the
need to take home their school work,” explained Martinez.
For teachers’ part, Martinez said that they too are pressured to
issue homework to ensure the completion of their DLL, as it is part
of their performance evaluation.
It is this context, continued Martinez, that forces teachers and
students alike to render overtime school work.
“So hear us when we say that we are not issuing homework to burden
our students. It is demanded of us by the K12 program, so much that
our performance evaluation system ensures its implementation. It is
therefore unfair for DepEd to claim that they are ‘discouraging
homework’ through several policies, because the agency’s main
curriculum is the culprit behind this added work,” declared
The group further denounced the proposed bill which included a
penalty of Php50,000 and/or 1 to 2-year jail sentence to teachers
who will require homework from students, saying that it passes on
the blame to teachers who are ‘as much a victim to the faults of K12
“The K to 12 curriculum is impractically-paced and does not serve
the needs and aspirations of not only our students but of the
nation. This is at the heart of the problem when we talk about
quality education,” hit Martinez.
ACT urged Congress that more than the homework issue, it should do a
comprehensive assessment and review of the K12 program, including
its curriculum to see its many flaws, which are seen to cause
further decline in the quality of education.