Perception of NMP
female trainees towards seafaring career evaluated
March 24, 2019
TACLOBAN CITY – In
answer to the resounding call of the International Maritime
Organization (IMO) for empowering women in the maritime industry,
the National Maritime Polytechnic (NMP) being a gender and
development (GAD) advocate and a maritime training and research
institution, conducted in CY 2018 through its Maritime Research
Section (MRS) a research study entitled “Perception of NMP Female
Trainees towards the Seafaring Profession”.
The study aimed to
determine the attitudes and views of women, specifically NMP female
trainees who had already shipboard experience and those who are
planning to go on board, towards the seafaring career. Respondents
of the study were all NMP female trainees enrolled during the
data-gathering period, 16 July 2018 to 11 October 2018.
The research was conducted
to evaluate how NMP female trainees perceive the seafaring
profession. Specifically, it aims to: (a) determine the motivating
factors why women choose a seafaring career; (b) determine
problems/challenges encountered or most likely to be encountered
onboard; (c) determine the length of time women are willing to stay
on shipboard jobs; (d) determine the reasons why women tend to quit
their shipboard jobs; (e) determine other maritime-related
occupations which women are interested in; and (f) recommend
Findings of the said
research advocacy found venue through the conduct of Research Forum
on 14 March 2019 at Room 109, NMP Training Building, Cabalawan,
Tacloban City which was attended by forty-six (46)
“The international and
national maritime organizations had now recognized the potential and
balance that women can make in the maritime industry. In fact, the
International Maritime Organization (IMO) launched the World
Maritime Day Theme for the year 2019, putting great value to women
saying, “Empowering Women in the Maritime Community.” Binibigyan
natin ng puwang sa maritime ang mga kababaihan dahilang pagsisilbi
ay talaga namang wala sa kasarian kundi nasa pusong handang
maglingkod para sa propesyong kanyang pinasukan”, said NMP Executive
Director, Joel B. Maglunsod in his Welcome Remarks.
Research proponent, Ms.
Karen C. Pailago presented the major findings of the study which
revealed that most of the respondents learned about seafaring from
their families (35.21%), school (25.35%) and friends (25.35%). Their
main motivation for pursuing a seafaring career were because of
their love for travel and/or adventure (39.44%) followed by the
prospect of a high salary/income (38.03%).
problems/challenges that they encountered or expect to encounter on
board would be accidents/accident risks (67.61%), sexual harassment
(63.38%) and discrimination (61.97%). Yet despite these
problems/challenges, more than half of them (53.52%) were willing to
stay in shipboard jobs for five (5) to ten (10) years. The top
reason why they would quit would be because of family (57.14%).
In addition, they were
aware of other maritime-related occupations and were mostly
interested in specifically two (2) of them, namely eco-tourism guide
and maritime professor/instructor.
In conclusion, NMP female
trainees view seafaring as a positively possible career where women
may be able to thrive in the future despite several challenges and
where certain gaps need to be addressed.
During the open forum some participants shared their thoughts about
“What male seafarers can
do, we can also do onboard. We have earned the acceptance of our
male co-workers that we are part of the crew. We wish that all male
seafarers will do the same for their co-workers who are women – to
embrace and accept us as part of your world”, OICNW Jascha Mae Roman
OICNW Serge Joseph
Navarroza also gave words of encouragement to all seafarers,
“Being a ratings is a
difficult job onboard the vessel. But we should not lose our guts
whenever we go onboard. We should aspire to become officers and not
be satisfied with just being ratings. If we become officers, the
work gets easier as it is mostly paperwork and the salary is higher.
We should not think negatively because negative minds will never
give us a positive life. So just work hard and let your success make
your noise” he disclosed.
NMP Deputy Executive
Director, Mayla N. Macadawan during her closing remarks emphasized
that men and women should complement one another.
“Women were created from
the rib of man to be beside him, not from his head to top him, nor
from his feet to be trampled by him, but from under his arm to be
protected by him, near to his heart to be loved by him”, she quoted.
Based on the evaluation
instrument gathered, 96% (44 out of 46) and 98% (45 out 46) rated
the research report and conduct of forum very satisfactory or
Seafaring profession was
well known as a male-dominated profession for centuries. The
acceptance of women onboard always being an issue, as they are
constantly being questioned whether the seafaring career fits women
However, there are still
women facing the wave of resistance. Women became more courageous,
determined and challenged to equal men in the seafaring profession
instead of being disappointed and discouraged to pursue the career.
In fact, from CY 2016-2018, NMP records showed that there were three
thousand four hundred fifty-two (3,452) female trainees who availed
of the different courses offered by NMP.
In its efforts to uphold
its mandate, NMP continues to upgrade its facilities and provide
maritime trainings required pursuant to the STCW Convention as
amended in 2010 including value-adding courses towards improving the
qualifications of Filipino seafarers for their employment
acceptability and enhanced competitiveness. It also regularly
conducts maritime studies to come up with policies for the
improvement of the manpower sector of the industry.
Those interested in NMP
research undertakings may visit the NMP website (www.nmp.gov.ph) and
access the e-Research Information System Portal which is designed to
gather inputs for NMP’s research, dissemination of NMP completed
researches and other articles pertaining to maritime research.
For more information about
NMP trainings viewers may visit the agency’s facebook page (www.facebook.com/nmptrainingcenter)
where all related information on NMP trainings are available.
Further, NMP encourages
seafarers to avail of the NMP-OWWA (Overseas Workers Welfare
Administration) Seafarers’ Upgrading Program (SUP) which entitles
the beneficiary to receive financial assistance for training costs
from the OWWA.